Right to Education Act comes into force today- Becomes a Fundamental Right

The Right to Education Act came into force today with Doordarshan telecasting the Prime Minister Manmohan Singh’s address to the nation announcing the operationalisation of the Act. The law envisions to provide free and compulsory education for all children between 6 and 14 years of age. In his address to the nation Prime Minister Manmohan Singh announced the Right to Education becoming a fundamental right. He said that the Government of India pledges to provide education to every child in India. The PM said, “Right to Education Act will realize the dreams of many children across the nation.” Adding that education is the key to progress and will empower children to become better citizens of the nation. Manmohan Singh called upon state governments and teachers to join the effort, adding that parents and guardians have a major role to play too. He said, “Centre and the States wll work to make this Act a success.”

There are approximately 92 lakh out of school children in the country.


“About a hundred years ago a great son of India, Gopal Krishna Gokhale, urged the Imperial Legislative Assembly to confer on the Indian people the Right to Education. About ninety years later the Constitution of India was amended to enshrine the Right to Education as a fundamental right. Today, our Government comes before you to redeem the pledge of giving all our children the right to elementary education. The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, enacted by Parliament in August 2009, has come into force today. The Fundamental Right to Education, as incorporated in our Constitution under Article 21 A, has also become operative from today. This demonstrates our national commitment to the education of our children and to the future of India. We are a Nation of young people. The health, education and creative abilities of our children and young people will determine the wellbeing and strength of our Nation.

Education is the key to progress. It empowers the individual. It enables a nation. It is the belief of our government that if we nurture our children and young people with the right education, India’s future as a strong and prosperous country is secure. We are committed to ensuring that all children, irrespective of gender and social category, have access to education. An education that enables them to acquire the skills, knowledge, values and attitudes necessary to become responsible and active citizens of India.  To realise the Right to Education the government at the Centre, in the States and Union Territories, and at the district and village level must work together as part of a common national endeavour. I call upon all the State Governments to join in this national effort with full resolve and determination. Our government, in partnership with the State governments will ensure that financial constraints do not hamper the implementation of the Right to Education Act.

The success of any educational endeavour is based on the ability and motivation of teachers. The implementation of the Right to Education is no exception. I call upon all our teachers across the country to become partners in this effort.  It is also incumbent upon all of us to work together to improve the working conditions of our teachers and enable them to teach with dignity, giving full expression to their talent and creativity. Parents and guardians too have a critical role to play having been assigned school management responsibilities under the Act. The needs of every disadvantaged section of our society, particularly girls, dalits, adivasis and minorities must be of particular focus as we implement this Act. I was born to a family of modest means. In my childhood I had to walk a long distance to go to school. I read under the dim light of a kerosene lamp. I am what I am today because of education. I want every Indian child, girl and boy, to be so touched by the light of education. I want every Indian to dream of a better future and live that dream. Let us together pledge this Act to the children of India. To our young men and women. To the future of our Nation.”


Right to Education Act 2009


Right to Education Act 2009 MODEL RULES


Gazette Notification Right to Education Act 2009


3 thoughts on “Right to Education Act comes into force today- Becomes a Fundamental Right

  1. There is hardly any doubt that the landmark Right to Education (RTE) Act, 2010, has the potential to drastically change the country and the country’s 92 lakh poor school drop-outs. The government has indeed provided a framework for the poor children to get quality schooling. The policy makers, who are behind this land mark Act, must be complimented for the vision and the prudence in legislating and operationalisation of the Act. The RTI Act, 2005 and the RTE Act, 2010 stand out as two pieces of legislation the country has been yearning for decades. These two acts together would change the country radically. Nevertheless, the implementation of the programme is not fraught without some practical difficulties. This would be a demanding task as quality education in India is still a pipe dream for a large section of the society. The access to it is still within the reach of the selected rich people only. The question that is worrying the observers is whether or not the private players in the educational arena would be willing to share the social responsibility and the social costs associated with it. Another moot question that is disturbing the observers is, with the education in the concurrent list of the constitution, whether the state governments will be prepared to share the 45% of the financial burden to impart quality elementary education to the weaker sections of the society, despite the fact that Finance Commission has already given Rs. 25,000 crore to the States for implementing the Act. The education cartels with the open connivance of the politicians have always played dubious roles in crass commercialization and cartelisation of higher education. In the liberlisation era, even the school education was gradually becoming unaffordable to the poor with the advent of several elite schools in the urban areas, who are seen to be charging exorbitant fees. The successful implementation of the RTE Act will depend on the impact the Act will have on them to earmark 25% seats to the weaker sections of the locality. However, let us not start on a negative note. Instead, let us be optimistic about the success of the RTE Act.

  2. Very nicely done indeed.I think listening to your members is key and ACTING on the info they share/provide is also important. Taking their feedback, knowledge etc and doing something with that information..whether that means promoting it so other members can benefit or making changes to how the community is run, features it includes, etc. Certainly you should communicate how you are acting on the info your members provide.Don’t forget that another way to build online community is to leave your own community from time to time and visit others.

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